THANKS FOR VISITING - CLICK TO GET STARTED
Contact us
Customer Service Hours
Mon-Fri 9AM to 6:00PM EST
Email service@canadianinsulin.com
Phone 1-844-560-7790
Fax 1-866-951-0118

How Do Insulin And Glucagon Regulate Blood Glucose Levels?

How Do Insulin And Glucagon Regulate Blood Glucose Levels?

Insulin and glucagon work to help keep your blood glucose level under control. Both of these hormones are produced in the pancreas. Insulin, which helps to normalize a high level of blood sugar, is produced by the beta cells. On the other hand, glucagon, which helps to control a low level of blood sugar, is produced by the alpha cells.

Insulin and glucagon

Insulin and glucagon are both natural hormones that help to regulate blood glucose levels in the body. The body will stimulate the pancreas to release insulin and glucagon which helps to normalize blood sugar levels. Glucagon and insulin work in a manner that is commonly referred to as a negative feedback loop, which helps to balance your blood glucose level. The whole process ensures that your body gets enough energy.

How insulin works

Our bodies require glucose, which is a source of energy, so that it can function normally. Usually, when you eat, glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream and leads to a high blood glucose level. A rise in blood glucose will signal the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin works by attaching itself to insulin receptors outside the body cells. This creates a gateway for glucose to enter the body cells.

How glucagon works

Glucagon works alongside insulin to counterbalance the effects of the latter. When you don’t eat for around 6 hours, your blood glucose starts to drop. This will signal your pancreas to release glucagon. Glucagon works by triggering glucose that has been stored as glycogen to be released.

Effects of insulin and glucagon on blood sugar levels

Normal levels of blood sugar are between 70mg/dL and 110mg/dL. When your blood sugar level falls below 70mg/ dL, your body will signal the pancreas to release glucagon. When blood glucose levels rises above 110mg/dL insulin will be released. If insulin and glucagon are not functioning properly, this can lead to health conditions such as diabetes.


---

Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this community article are strictly for informational purposes and should not be considered as medical advice. This article, and other community articles, are not written or reviewed for medical validity by Canadian Insulin or its staff. All views and opinions expressed by the contributing authors are not endorsed by Canadian Insulin. Always consult a medical professional for medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment.
Reset Your Password

Please enter your Username below and we will send a new password to the email associated with your account. Check your spam folder if you do not receive your new password.

Still having trouble logging in?

If you’re unable to log in, please call our customer service at 1-844-560-7790.