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Diet Meal Plan for Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diet Meal Plan for Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that affects only pregnant women. During pregnancy, the body undergoes many changes, including changes in the way the body uses insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down food into a sugar called glucose. This glucose is then used by the body for energy.

During pregnancy, the body naturally becomes resistant to insulin in order to fulfill the glucose needs of the baby. In some cases, problems occur with this process, and the body is either unable to produce enough insulin or does not respond to insulin at all. When this happens, blood sugar levels increase dramatically, causing gestational diabetes.

Foods for Gestational Diabetes

A gestational diabetes diet plan should contain fruits and vegetables, protein, and little or no processed food. The diet should consist of fats, about 30% of your meals, and overeating should be avoided.


Breakfast should consist of protein, about 30 to 45g of carbohydrates, and vegetables or fat. Whole grain toast, tea, low-fat milk, and peanut butter are good breakfast options. It is best to stay away from sugary cereals and fruit juices.


Lunch should include protein, vegetables, and fat. A turkey sandwich on whole wheat bread is a good choice. This can be accompanied by low-fat yogurt, grapes, and carrot sticks.

Afternoon snack

Nuts or whole grain crackers with low-fat cheese make a good afternoon snack. 


Dinner should contain protein, vegetables, fruits, and fat. For example, grilled salmon with cooked brown rice, spinach, and canteloupe.

Foods to avoid

Women with gestational diabetes should avoid highly processed foods, such as white bread, and all food items that have a high sugar content. Other foods that must be avoided include:

  • Baked items, such as cakes, donuts, and muffins;
  • Fast food;
  • Candy;
  • Fried food;
  • Alcoholic beverages;
  • Sugary drinks, such as juice and soda.

Women with gestational diabetes should consult their doctor to find out which foods are best for them and which foods they should avoid.

Gestational diabetes can prove dangerous for the health of both mother and baby, as it increases the risk of high blood pressure in expectant mothers. Following a gestational diabetes diet plan will ensure the health of both mother and baby during pregnancy and at the time of delivery.


Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this community article are strictly for informational purposes and should not be considered as medical advice. This article, and other community articles, are not written or reviewed for medical validity by Canadian Insulin or its staff. All views and opinions expressed by the contributing authors are not endorsed by Canadian Insulin. Always consult a medical professional for medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment.
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